Vowels are represented by 6 letters, “a, e, i, o, u, y,” but create 14 different vowel sounds. How do you know which sound a vowel letter represents?
There aren’t any spelling rules that work 100% of the time, but there are some that work most of the time.
There are ways to identify when the two major vowel groups of short/lax and long/tense will be used in words.
These will help you make good guesses for words that you’ve never seen before.
4-page pdf with examples and link to video descriptions